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The Talmudic sages did not share a uniform stance on the subject of Paleo-Hebrew.Some stated that Paleo-Hebrew was the original script used by the Israelites at the time of the Exodus, in the Talmud states that the script never changed altogether.After the Babylonian capture of Judea, when most of the nobles were taken into exile, the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet continued to be used by the people who remained.One example of such writings are the 6th-century BCE jar handles from Gibeon, on which the names of winegrowers are inscribed. The vast majority of the Hasmonean coinage, as well as the coins of the First Jewish-Roman War and Bar Kokhba's revolt, bears Paleo-Hebrew legends.The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet was in common use in the ancient Israelite kingdoms of Israel and Judah.Following the exile of the Kingdom of Judah in the 6th century BCE, in the Babylonian exile, Jews began using a form of the Assyrian script, which was another offshoot of the same family of scripts.The inscription was on the lid of a large stone sarcophagus carved in fine Egyptian style.
The present Jewish "square-script" Hebrew alphabet evolved from the Aramaic alphabet.The Samaritans have continued to use the script for writing both Hebrew and Aramaic texts until the present day.A comparison of the earliest Samaritan inscriptions and the medieval and modern Samaritan manuscripts clearly indicates that the Samaritan script is a static script which was used mainly as a book hand.Even the engraved inscriptions from the 8th century exhibit elements of the cursive style, such as the shading, which is a natural feature of pen-and-ink writing.
Examples of such inscriptions include the Siloam inscription, the Ketef Hinnom amulets, a fragmentary Hebrew inscription on an ivory which was taken as war spoils (probably from Samaria) to Nimrud, and the hundreds of 8th to 6th-century Hebrew seals from various sites.Still, the script is nearly identical to the Phoenician script.