Pollen sequence dating
If time and/or money is short, sampling of the site may be all that is possible.If a large-scale excavation is to be undertaken, the approach will be either area (open) excavation, grid method, , rabotage, sondage, etc.It is the excavation of as large an area as possible without the intervention of balks and a grid system.This technique allows the recognition of much slighter traces of ancient structures than other methods.This type of excavation is designed to reveal the vertical and temporal dimensions within an archaeological deposit -- the depth, sequence, and composition of buried data.SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: stripping excavations CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: A method of excavating whereby a large horizontal area is dug instead of a deep vertical one; clearing excavations in which large areas of overburden are removed to reveal horizontal distributions of data without leaving balks.An abbey usually consisted of group of buildings housing a monastery or a convent and an abbey church or a cathedral.Monasticism originated in the Middle East during the second half of the 4th century and spread to Byzantium, France, Greece, and Italy and developed independently from that in Britain.
CATEGORY: site DEFINITION: A seaport on the Red Sea coast of Ethiopia, near modern Massawa.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: horizontal (area) excavation CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The excavation of a site to reveal its horizontal extent.
Such an excavation is designed to uncover large areas of a site, especially settlement layouts.
The first European abbey was Montecassino in Italy, founded in 529.
CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: An accounting used in the lab after artifacts and ecofacts are initially processed and providing the numbers with which artifacts and ecofacts are marked for storage.Excavations have shown considerable variation in the layout of abbeys depending on the different monastic orders.