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The anxious–preoccupied attachment style in adults corresponds to the anxious–ambivalent attachment style in children.
However, the dismissive–avoidant attachment style and the fearful–avoidant attachment style, which are distinct in adults, correspond to a single avoidant attachment style in children.
Then, in the late 1980s, Cindy Hazan and Phillip Shaver applied attachment theory to adult relationships.
Hazan and Shaver noticed that interactions between adults shared similarities to interactions between children and caregivers.
Attachment in adults deals with the theory of attachment in adult relationships including friendships, emotional affairs, adult romantic relationships and in some cases inanimate objects known as "transitional objects".
Attachment theory, initially studied in the 1960s and 1970s primarily in the context of children and parents, was extended to adult relationships in the late 1980s.
They have also explored how attachment impacts relationship outcomes and how attachment functions in relationship dynamics.
Their descriptions seem quite different on a superficial level.
For example, Fraley and Shaver No doubt these themes could be described in a variety of ways (and other themes added to the list).
They also tend to have positive views of their relationships.
Often they report greater satisfaction and adjustment in their relationships than people with other attachment styles.
Mary Ainsworth and John Bowlby founded modern attachment theory on studies of children and their caregivers.